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  • All fields: vocabulary
(83 results)



Display: 20

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    • i Table of Contents Chapter 1: Introduction .......................................................................................................1 Background, Significance, Purpose Statement, and Study Setting ..........................1 Research...
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    • ii Chapter 5: Discussion .......................................................................................................51 Overall Effectiveness of Expository Text Comprehension Instruction .................51 Limitations of Assessments...
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    • iv List of Figures Figure 1: Comparing PALS 1-3 Pre and Post Assessments ..............................................39 Figure 2: PALS 1-3 Individual Pre and Post Assessments ................................................40 Figure 3: Individual...
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    • 1 Chapter 1 Introduction – Nature of the Problem It is well known that students go through what is commonly referred to as “the fourth grade slump.” Research presented by Hall, Sabey, & McClellan (2005) and Fang (2008) has shown that this “slump”...
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    • 2 knowledge. Students are explicitly taught in the younger grades how to identify characters, setting, and plot. Students entering fourth grade are provided with textbooks in the areas of Social Studies and Science. They are asked to read the...
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    • 6 Chapter 2 Literature Review The National Center of Educational Statistics concluded that more than two thirds of students are not proficient readers (Biancarosa, 2005). This is a staggering statistic that leads one to question. How can teachers...
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    • 8 readers need to be taught strategies, as well as how, where, and when to apply these strategies. The National Reading Panel identified the five elements of reading. The five elements include phonemic awareness, phonics, fluency, vocabulary, and...
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    • 10 and apply comprehension strategies on their own during reading, therefore making the text more meaningful. Instruction in reading expository text must be planned and well thought out to promote student thought throughout the reading to result in...
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    • 11 Limited early exposure is a factor that can easily be remedied by all teachers. Children need to experience expository texts through seeing, hearing, reading, and writing, prior to when they are expected to comprehend the material within the...
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    • 12 (2007) attempted to help second grade students assimilate the new information they learned by utilizing Talking Drawings. In this study, students were asked to draw a picture of the topic prior to the lesson. Many of the drawings depicted...
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    • 13 will help students become more successful in their vocabulary usage. Therefore, tier two words should make up a majority of the vocabulary instruction. Tier three words are specific, technical terms that are important in understanding the topic...
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    • 14 Another suggestion to activate interest and increase students’ vocabulary about a specific topic is through the use of informational alphabet books (Yopp & Yopp, 2000). Prior to studying a specific topic, the teacher will have students...
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    • 15 get an idea about the topic. The students, using the pictures as guides, make predictions about the text and its contents. Just as picture walks are associated with narrative text, text feature walks should be associated with expository text...
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    • 17 of structure and organize it, they are better equipped to comprehend the information presented in the text (Moss, 2004) When presenting students with text passages, the passages should be selected with great care. The text needs to be well...
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    • 21 The Four-Part Lesson Cycle created by Montelongo et al. (2010) addressed vocabulary, text structure, modified sentence completion, and rewriting the text. This four-step cycle spanned a five-week period and showed a significant amount...
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    • 23 Chapter 3 Methodology The purpose of this action research study is to examine the effects of teaching expository text to primary grade students with developmental delays. Four different instructional strategies were used to teach all of the...
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    • 25 second grade level science and social studies core curriculums. The timeline of steps required to complete the study were as follows: 1. Administration of the pre-assessments on expository text comprehension, two days. 2. Whole class lessons...
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    • 27 was also asked to verbalize why they identified the text as either narrative or expository. Although this instruction lasted only two class sessions, the introduction of texts as either expository or narrative prepared the students for the study...

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