10 Chapter 1
The Internet and the Web
As previously mentioned, HTML was developed
in the early 1990s by Tim Berners-Lee who was
an independent contractor at CERN. The original
intent of HTML was to provide a means where-by
deprived of learning because of their social isolation and lack of interaction, which affected their
overall cognitive functioning. As a result, Vygotsky set out to transform education in Russia by
creating new pedagogical styles that would...
Implications of Being a Reluctant Reader
When a student is a reluctant reader in elementary school, they miss out on the benefits of
the natural flow of reading progression. According to Louisa Moats (2009), “At second
and third grade,...
Sherman 2008). Much of classroom disruptions are attributed to students struggling to combat
ADHD; a great deal of disruptions could be reduced or even eliminated by implementing
preventative approaches. A preventative outlook involves the...
variables. Standardized parameter estimates are normalized unstandardized parameter
estimates that allow parameters throughout the model to be compared and thus are more
functional (Hoyle, 1995). When results are interpreted, unstandardized...
families who would like to send their children to preschool, the cost for private preschools is
often prohibitive, and there is not sufficient state or federal funding for government preschools.
Given the current educational status of Hispanic...
2.3 Digital Forensics Curriculum Design and Model
Yasinsac, Erbacher, Marks, Pollitt & Sommer proposed a model for digital
forensics education or training [Yas03]. It is shown in Figure 2. This model illustrates
digital forensics training based...
Gardening Association (Blair, 2009). School gardens surged particularly in urban school
districts because researchers found that “non-White students from financially unstable
backgrounds who [were] not regularly exposed to open green spaces...
(a) the measures have the necessary psychometric characteristics for reliable and
valid measurement; (b) the measures are quick to administer and are thus feasible
for regular use in school settings; (c) the measures have multiple alternate...
care than others. Vegetable gardens, for example, will not work well in schools with
climates that do not have growing seasons that coincide with the school year.
School gardening covers a continuum of efforts to increase the...
Health & Human Development, 2000). In addition, ELLs who are literate in their first language
must be explicitly taught the similarities and differences in the alphabets, letter sounds, and
phonemes that are found in their native language and...
In another study, IntelliMetric’s accuracy when compared with human scores was
debated. When the study, performed in Texas, indicated that the IntelliMetric scores did not
correlate with human scores, the researchers developed the hypothesis...
achievement is differentiated instruction. This takes place when the curriculum’s pacing, level,
and depth are modified to meet the unique demands of students (McCoach, O’Connell, & Levitt,
2006). According to Hall, Strangman, & Meyer...
of how Purcell-Gates (1995) provided reading intervention for Donny in exchange for
documentation and careful examination of literacy development through the social and cultural
perspectives of a family from the “white underclass, a minority...
time-out room only reinforces undesirable behaviors. The child has associated acting out with
getting out and is maintaining control of the situation (Richardson & Saxon, 2002).
Another concern associated with the use of timeout procedures is...
discovery that emerged from this qualitative study were the differences in the amounts of literacy
activities that took place per hour. For example, even though these families were all from low-
SES backgrounds, researchers categorized them into...
McCabe, Margolis, & Barenbaum (2001) conducted a study that compared the Woodcock - Johnson Psycho-Educational Battery-Revised (WJ-R) and the QRI-II tests. The researchers discussed the importance of providing students with materials that were...
programs need to be very high quality and aligned with high-quality kindergarten programs
(Mead, 2008). Another factor that has been identified as important to pre-kindergarten programs
is the teacher belief system (Lar-Cinisomo, Fuligni,...
teachers concerning how MyAccess! scores. The same report notes that in response to the
statement, “MyAccess! gives fair and accurate scores” student responses averaged 3.5 on a scale
of 5. Teacher responses were 2.8 (2010).