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  • All fields: paths
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    • Page 122

    • 112 implied covariance matrix and the observed matrix are used to calculate the residual matrix. The smaller the residual matrix, the better the model estimation, thus iteration continues until the residual matrix is minimized (Hoyle, 1995). This...
    • Page 123

    • 113 variables. Standardized parameter estimates are normalized unstandardized parameter estimates that allow parameters throughout the model to be compared and thus are more functional (Hoyle, 1995). When results are interpreted, unstandardized...
    • Page 133

    • 123 ----------------------- Insert Table 12 Here ----------------------- SEM Data Analysis Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to examine the hypothesized relationships among the constructs in the study. The hypothesized models were...
    • Page 135

    • 125 ----------------------- Insert Table 13 Here ----------------------- Structural Model Results To examine the goodness-of-fit of the hypothesized model, the measurement model was re-specified by imposing the structure of each model (see Figure...
    • Page 33

    • 23 Evaluation of fit. Once a model has been specified and estimated (the residual matrix minimized), the fit of the model to the data must be evaluated. There are several indexes used to evaluate the fit of a model. The chi-square goodness-of-fit...
    • Page 34

    • 24 evaluated either unstandardized or standardized. Unstandardized parameter estimates are values produced by the model that can only be interpreted in reference to the scales of the variables. Standardized parameter estimates are normalized...
    • Page 61

    • 51 SEM Data Analysis Structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to examine the hypothesized relationships among the constructs in the study. The hypothesized models were tested with the EQS program (Bentler, 2010) by imposing the structure of...
    • Page 64

    • 54 independent-mediating-dependent construct structure. The fit indices of the hypothesized model indicated that the model represented a good fit to the data [Satorra-Bentler Scaled χ²(218, N = 973) = 870.75, p < 0.001, CFI = 0.905, IFI =0.905,...
    • Page 69

    • 56 Chapter 4 Image Editing and Preparation PSD The PSD format is the Photoshop native docu-ment format. When you are working on an im-age, you will normally want to save it in the PSD format and then convert a copy of the original to other formats...
    • Socotwa text: page 011

    • Glen Canyon (Utah and Ariz.); Rafting (Sports)--Colorado River (Colo.-Mexico)
    • After the supper had vanished, and while we all washed our plates, cups, and utensils with the cool mud of the creek bed, a roaring campfire was built; and, as the blaze died away, and the embers glowed brightly, the entire group sat around,...
    • 1916 28

    • BERT FARl SWORTH His wit and cheerfulness throw sunlight on all the paths of life. VEDA WILKINSON "There is no object so foul that her intense light will not Inake beautiful." 27 VICTOR IVERSO "He is happy whose circum­stances suit his temper; But...
    • Page 21

    • Emotional Manipulation and Psychopathy 21 manipulation. The psychopath by nature is manipulative, but it has not been determined if they take advantage of others via the victims' emotions. Assuming psychopaths are indeed emotionally manipulative,...
    • Page 28

    • Emotional Manipulation and Psychopathy 28 Hypotheses 5-7 were initially analyzed using regression, then further analyzed by use of path modeling. Hypothesis 8 was assessed using only path modeling. Hypothesis 9 was analyzed using partial...
    • Page 29

    • Emotional Manipulation and Psychopathy 29 (McDonald & Ho, 2002). Path coefficients cannot be interpreted until acceptable fit is achieved. This means, that if fit cannot be determined using the proposed model then additional paths may be added or...
    • Page 33

    • Emotional Manipulation and Psychopathy 33 Machiavellianism and both subscales of Emotional Manipulation (See Figure 2). Significant paths are drawn with thick lines, correlations are drawn with thin lines, and dotted lines are included for emphasis...
    • Page 36

    • Emotional Manipulation and Psychopathy 36 manipulation, it appears that those with high psychopathic traits are not directly manipulating emotions. The mediation effect leads to the idea that any manipulation of emotions, conducted by psychopaths,...


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