Support from the
C. Charles Jackson Foundation
has made this publication possible
and contributed to the projects showcased on these pages.
Considerable appreciation is due to
Dr. Bruce H. Jackson
brucehjackson@ gma il.com
the “greening” of schools to bring a natural environment to urban areas and supplement
school meal plans with food grown on campus. Urban school gardens provided a
valuable learning environment that was unusual in large cities. Rural schools...
Parents who have negative experiences in school, and/or a lack of education maintain
attitudes and beliefs that are very hard to overcome for the classroom teacher.
The way in which parents feel about schools and the emotional connections...
students and parents feel. This study also proved that a negative attitude, often spawned
from frustration, creates barriers of success that may never be overcome.
This thesis project provides a foundation on which the researcher can combat...
controlled stratified national sample of thirty suburban school districts. Quantitative and
qualitative data was gathered from suburban, public school administrators. This research
did not seek data from rural, urban, or private schools. This...
materials for the garden including funding and space; (b) lack of time for staff, students,
and faculty to properly implement school garden learning; and (c) lack of knowledge and
curriculum. Overcoming these barriers has expanded the reach and...
The purpose of this research was to identify and examine barriers to the use of
school gardens for learning in public, suburban school districts. This research examined
the following questions: 1) What were the main...
resources provided for school gardens; 6) integration of school gardens with state
curriculum standards; 7) funding of school gardens; and 8) attributes that correlated with
successful school garden programs. Since the participants in this study...
up telephone calls were made as necessary. As required by the Southern Utah University
Department of Graduate Studies in Education, all necessary Institutional Review Board
requirements were met throughout the conduct of this research study. The...
A major concern of the researcher and the other evaluators is the difficulty of utilizing
this outline in a mainstream public education setting. One evaluator's valid concern is that he felt
it would be difficult to move at a pace necessary to...
somewhat disappointing discovery was that even when the researcher was actively
involved in providing additional daily support, the students’ scores, as a whole, increased
From this disappointing discovery, the researcher came to...
sources of assessment to accurately and efficiently identify students who need the
additional guidance. Daily assessments of any kind provided some of the purest feedback
of what a student understood or struggled with. The assessments that were...
This research examined the barriers to school gardens and how the barriers were
overcome. This was measured by question six and seven in the survey. Every insight to
how the school gardens succeeded and how barriers were overcome were...
How Barriers to School Gardens were Overcome for Garden Success
A Likert scale was used to test this thesis’ hypothesis that the barriers to school
gardens in public, suburban school districts were lack of (a) growing time or climate,...
going on right now in students’ lives so they can link student needs and abilities (Portal and
The MI and LS methods introduce different methods of teaching (Portal and Sampson,
2001). If a student feels stressed he/she avoids...
to explore, and a chance to manipulate their surroundings, children [became] less
aggressive and more ready to learn” (Coffee, 1999, p. 37). Furthermore Coffee found
that as students took ownership of their environment, “especially to nurture...
Answer choices were, (a) abundance, (b) some funding, (c) little funding, and (d) non-existent.
Eight percent reported “some funding” available for school gardens. Ninety-two
percent said there was “little” funding available for school...
This chapter discussed the results of the research into the existing barriers to
school gardens in public, suburban schools in five capacities. The first section evaluated
the purpose of this study. Second, the results of...
Significance of Study
This study was significant in understanding why school gardens were not more
common, given their educational value, and provided ways interested school districts
could overcome typical barriers to the development of school...
Based on interviews for this study, it appeared elementary educators may have
had less knowledge about school gardens than secondary educators; but the presence of
school gardens were much more concentrated at the elementary level. This may be...