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    • SOUTHERN UTAH UNIVERSITY Degradability of both a physical latent fingerprint and its associated extracted DNA MASTERS OF SCIENCE IN FORENSIC SCIENCE Kristina Dean 2009
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    • 4 ABSTRACT There are several ways to identify a potential suspect in a crime which can range from an eye witness statement to something as small as a single drop of blood. Just as a physical fingerprint can be used in identification, DNA...
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    • 5 1 INTRODUCTION DNA can be used to distinguish individuals based on the individuality of their profiles. A profile is a visualization of the genetic code which shows locations, or loci, of particular regions on the genome where the code can be...
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    • 6 physical fingerprint should be processed for the print only or used as both a fingerprint and a possible source of DNA. Having knowledge of the dual purpose of a physical fingerprint, not only as a source of evidence but as DNA as well, could...
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    • 7 has been recovered, such as with DNA, so it is important to know what types of interferences are associated with each type of recovery procedure so that no damage will occur to the evidence at hand (Azoury et al., 2002 Stein et al., 1996; Zamir...
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    • 10 Applied Biosystems (AB 2006, Foster City, CA) and the PowerPlex 16 produced by Promega Corporation (Promega 2008, Madison, WI.). The kit used in this study was the Promega PowerPlex16 multiplex kit, which detects sixteen STRs while the Applied...
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    • 13 double-stranded DNA, some are specific for single-stranded molecules, others are active towards both and still others can cleave residues at the ends of DNA molecules or even anywhere along the DNA chain thus providing damage to the DNA....
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    • 14 number of glass microscope slides were touched by a donor and held for 3-5 seconds. This was to ensure that a solid print was placed on each slide and therefore a sufficient source for the DNA to be collected. The experiment had two trials, with...
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    • 15 shown not to interfere with the DNA extraction and amplification from evidence ( Balogh et al., 2003; Grubwieser, 2003; Roux et al., 1999.) 2.2 DNA Extraction DNA recovered from the latent print was extracted from epithelial cells following...
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    • 18 of the ladders was completed prior to the sample run, and the peak heights were too high, the loading cocktail was modified to contain 0.25μl of ILS 600 and 9.75μl of formamide. Due to limit of chemical resources, only those samples that had...
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    • 19 appearance of the latent fingerprint also increased (Figure 3). Figure 3 depicts physical fingerprint area data for weeks 1-3 only; this is because at the beginning of the experiment no degradation had taken place at the initial start of those...
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    • 22 Table 1: Percent of samples with their % degradation for that particular temperature range. Temperature % degradation 25°C 50°C 75°C 0.0 -2.0 44% 28% 11% 3.0-5.0 17% 39% 11% 6.0-10.0 39% 33% 11% 11.0-20.0 0% 0% 66% Figure 3: Mean % physical...
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    • 27 4 DISCUSSION & CONCLUSIONS 4.1 FINGERPRINT In this study it was hypothesized that increased temperature would have a visual effect on the physical appearance of latent fingerprint. When looking at the print itself, it was observed that as...
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    • 28 non-secretor. It can be concluded that DNA was indeed successfully isolated from most of the latent fingerprints and this part of the hypothesis was therefore supported. It was also hypothesized that concentration would decrease with an increase...
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    • 29 The last aim of this study was to see whether or not a correlation existed between degradation of the physical latent fingerprint and degradation of the DNA within it. Again there was no relationship between degradation of physical fingerprint...
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    • 30 4.3 Future Research Fingerprints as a criminal identification, along with perhaps DNA profiles, may allow crime laboratories and law enforcement agencies to work together and have access to these profiles to help solve cases. This research...
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    • 31 5 REFERENCES Applied Biosystems (2006). Quantifiler Human DNA Quantification Kit User’s Manual. Applied Biosystems Foster City, California. Chapters 1-6. Ayaly-Torres S , Chen Y, Svoboda T, Rosenblatt J and Van Houten B. Analysis of Gene...
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    • 32 Gunn, Alan. Essential Forensic Biology. Forensic DNA Typing. Wiley & Sons, Ltd. 2006. pp39-53 Kanable, Rebecca. DNA from fingerprints. Retrieved July 2005 http://www.officer.com/publication/article Knowles A M. Aspects of physicochemical methods...
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    • 33 Roux C, Gill K,Sutton J, Lennard C. A further study to investigate the effect of fingerprint enhancement techniques on the DNA analysis of bloodstains. Journal of Forensic Identification 1999;49(4):357-376. Saviers, K. D. Latent Print Powders....
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    • 34 VanHoofstat D, Deiter LD, DePaw I, Van den Eeckout E. DNA typing of fingerprints using capillary electrophoresis: Effects of dactyloscopic powders. Electrophoresis 1999; (20):2870-2876. Walsh PS, Metzger DA, Higuchi R. Chelex 100 as a medium for...

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