the newspaper ran the letters exactly as they had been written. It didn't take long to
figure out why.
For starters, the 25 students spelled "vandal" in nearly as many ways. "Dear
Vandales" went one letter, "I really think that you were tuped...
b) Develop the topic with facts, definitions, concrete details, quotations, or other
information and examples related to the topic.
c) Link ideas within categories of information using words and phrases (e.g.,
another, for example, also,...
Introduction- Nature of the Problem
Every year students enter kindergarten with varying ability levels and with an array of
educational backgrounds. While several students have attended a preschool or received some
10 Chapter 1
The Internet and the Web
As previously mentioned, HTML was developed
in the early 1990s by Tim Berners-Lee who was
an independent contractor at CERN. The original
intent of HTML was to provide a means where-by
deprived of learning because of their social isolation and lack of interaction, which affected their
overall cognitive functioning. As a result, Vygotsky set out to transform education in Russia by
creating new pedagogical styles that would...
for poor school outcomes, not only because of language issues, but also because of
socioeconomic issues (Goldenberg, 2008). Most Hispanic Americans are characterized as
having low levels of educational success and high rates of poverty, and this...
102 Chapter 6
Animation with Photoshop
We have seen how Photoshop can be used to cre-ate
simple animated images. Now it is up to you
to explore the possibilities further.
Animations should be used on a web page to
create interest or...
106 Chapter 7
Now that all the preliminary items have been
covered, it is time to begin the implemen-tation
of a web page using HTML, XHTML and
We will assume that you are publishing your
web content using the SUU...
engaging if they include names of students in the class. Students often benefit from creating
problems for each other (Wadlington and Wadlington, 2008).
Writing stories and listening to books are not the only ways an individual...
Implications of Being a Reluctant Reader
When a student is a reluctant reader in elementary school, they miss out on the benefits of
the natural flow of reading progression. According to Louisa Moats (2009), “At second
and third grade,...
in their first language (L1); however, this is not always the case. Cooter (2006) describes the
American Idol star, Fantasia Barrino, who recently wrote a memoir entitled Life Is Not a Fairy
Tale (2005) that tells of her experiences as an...
1 very litlle like me 2 a litHe like me 3 somewhat like me 4/ikeme 5 a lot li/(e me
23.__I like to setup little 'what if" experiments (fur example ·What lNOuld happen if I put a
grasshopper in a jar with a spider?").
24. I enjoy dong jigsaw...
families who would like to send their children to preschool, the cost for private preschools is
often prohibitive, and there is not sufficient state or federal funding for government preschools.
Given the current educational status of Hispanic...
opportunities. Compared to motivated classmates, reluctant readers surrender into the
spiraling world of low exposure to text. The implications are grave. This lack of exposure
to text and the lack of fruitful reading practice on the part of...
oral language, and potentially positive effects for early reading, writing, and knowledge of print
(Institute of Education Sciences, 2006).
Ideally, intervention would come for low SES Hispanic ELLs when they are very young,
but this is...
(1996) conducted a study to determine if a text was too easy, appropriate, or too difficult for the 38 participants involved. Their criterion was based on percentages of scores: under 40% meant that the text was too difficult; 40% to 60% meant...
(a) the measures have the necessary psychometric characteristics for reliable and
valid measurement; (b) the measures are quick to administer and are thus feasible
for regular use in school settings; (c) the measures have multiple alternate...
(Rudner). It also reports a high correlation between IEA and human scored essays (Grimes,
Warschauer, 2008; Valenti, 2003) IEA asserts that, “Over many diverse topics, the IEA scores
agreed with human experts as accurately as expert scores...
their literacy skills and providing effective instruction. Lesaux (2006) points out that, currently,
there is a lack of standardized ELL assessment measures that can show a direct correlation
between studies. There are researcher-developed...
presented are phonemic awareness, phonics instruction, guided oral reading, comprehension
strategies, fluency, vocabulary development, computer technology, and teacher training
(National Institute of Child Health & Human Development, 2000). All...