4. What are some important points to remember about teaching spelling? The key points
addressed are spelling must be taught, it must be individualized to meet the needs of the
students and it must be taught across the curriculum. Teachers...
Best Spelling Practices in Classroom Instruction
Chapter 1 - Introduction
There are many challenges that face educators regarding how to effectively teach
spelling. Gentry stated, “Spelling really does matter and that, as educators, we need to...
are able to make “annual growth” in the first few years of school, they will not become further
behind others, but they still will be unable to reach appropriate benchmarks.
Research indicates that, although data vary from state to state,...
targeted intervention to enable students to ‘catch up’ on critical reading skills” (Kamps et al.,
2007, p. 155). In this tier, students receive “more intensive, research-based interventions with
close progress monitoring” (Berkeley,...
negative, that child’s awareness of contingencies affecting their own behavior is increased
(Appolloni, Cooke & Strain, 1976).
In some instances, student removal from the classroom and placement in a less
stimulating environment such as a...
For the next six weeks the Words Their Way spelling program was used to teach spelling.
This consisted of specific groups of students at each level of spelling development, ranging from
students in the within-word patterns to...
counterparts (NAEP, 2011). RTI gives educators the flexibility to meet the needs of diverse
learners to help all students find success in learning to read.
Another group of students who would benefit from the focused and individualized nature
Fantuzzo et al., 2005; Mead, 2008). Caucasian and Asian children demonstrated higher levels of
skill in reading (Al Otaiba, Kosanovich-Grek, Torgesen, Hassler, & Wahl). Research by
Fantuzzo et al. concluded “African American, Hispanic, and...
This process of data-based decision making will allow teachers to more effectively determine the
appropriate method of instruction or intervention on an individualized and/or classroom basis.
The National PTA found support for...
skill’s coach, and the school counselor. The goal was to help teachers reflect on best practices
and to use least restrictive behavior interventions (Harrington, 2008). This way, the students
who most need behavior modification will receive...
In order to support the goal of increasing parent involvement, the researcher provided
parent disclaimers to be sent home with the behavior-tracking sheets at each stage in the
discipline plan. The disclaimers explain each step in the Pro-Active...
would be made in moving the group up or down reading levels, adjusting the group members, or
pacing the lesson more quickly. Two teachers reported they did not have much of a role in
choosing interventions for Tier 2 and 3 interventions. They...
had to work through the RTI model. She did not believe RTI could diagnose, but the explicit
teaching and repetition of the interventions helped some students become successful readers.
Respondent Answers Related to RTI Framework
Another purpose of this study was to better involve parents in the decision-making
concerning discipline measures taken when assisting target students. Research has shown,
“students whose parents are involved in their education often show...
sixth grade. The DIBELS assessment is given in K-6 classrooms three times per year. It is an
individualized test with the proctor working one-on-one with students to assess their growth
throughout the year (Good, R. H., & Kaminski, R. A.,...
This chapter is outlined by first revisiting the problem and issues and why they are
important to this final discussion. Next, the similarities and differences between the results of
this study and that of others are...
greater than that for proficient readers” (2011, p.3). Perhaps, instead of pushing all students to fit
a prescribed expectation in reading no matter what; the educational system either needs to
develop another avenue of learning for resistant...