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  • All fields: graphic
(43 results)



Display: 20

    • Page 14

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    • more diverse audience. 78% agree that digital technologies encourage creativity. 79% agree that digital technologies encourage collaboration amongst students. These teachers view cell phones, social networks and texting as a way to aid student...
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    • iv List of Figures Figure 1: Comparing PALS 1-3 Pre and Post Assessments ..............................................39 Figure 2: PALS 1-3 Individual Pre and Post Assessments ................................................40 Figure 3: Individual...
    • Page 18

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    • 13 will help students become more successful in their vocabulary usage. Therefore, tier two words should make up a majority of the vocabulary instruction. Tier three words are specific, technical terms that are important in understanding the topic...
    • Page 22

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    • 17 of structure and organize it, they are better equipped to comprehend the information presented in the text (Moss, 2004) When presenting students with text passages, the passages should be selected with great care. The text needs to be well...
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    • 18 covered three types of text structure list, main idea, and order. Students were taught how to identify each type of passage based upon text structure and then apply specific strategies for each type of structure. The study concluded that...
    • Page 33

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    • 28 approach that is a combination of the other three instructional strategies, vocabulary, text features, and text structure. The instructors were each given an outline of instruction to follow (see Appendix D), a graphic organizer geared toward...
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    • 29 After an overview of the lesson outline, the instructors were given further directions depended upon their assigned instructional group. The researcher explained how to teach each method with the provided graphic organizers and expository...
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    • 30 Days three and four utilized a new text with new vocabulary words. The same procedures were followed as in days one and two. On day three, the instructor read the text and modeled the recording of new vocabulary words with drawings and writings....
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    • 31 The instructor then lead a text feature walk through the text and pointed out pictures and captions. The instructor read the captions and made predictions about what else the book would tell the group. This think-aloud and recording of...
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    • 32 On days seven and eight, yet another text was introduced. Prior to the reading of this text, participants experienced a text feature walk through the text and recorded information onto their graphic organizers receiving minimal guidance in this...
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    • 33 Multiple methods group. Because of the incorporating of vocabulary, text features, and text structure, this instructional strategy was a little more complex. To not overwhelm the participants with three separate graphic organizers, the...
    • Page 39

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    • 34 captions. After reviewing the information, the instructor recorded one supporting detail from every two pages on the group graphic organizer. By stopping at the pre-determined vocabulary words and prior to turning each page, the instructor and...
    • Page 40

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    • 35 important to note is that with all of the graphic organizers in this study, pictures, words, and phrases were all incorporated to match the varied learning levels of the classroom. Step 6. Sixth, after the participants received instruction in...
    • Page 41

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    • 36 Assessment resources included, the PALS 1-3 and a retell rubric were used in the gathering and analysis of comprehension data (see Appendix B). Also, graphic organizers were generated to help the participants record information and to assist...
    • Page 42

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    • 37 A second evaluation instrument used in this study was a retell rubric. This rubric was designed to rate the oral retellings of each participant (see Appendix B). The retellings were used to measure the participants’ ability to analyze,...
    • Page 47

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    • 42 graphic organizers presented in Appendix A. The participants were then asked to retell the information which was read to them. Their responses were scored on a retell rubric presented in Appendix B. Each response was ranked 0-4 with a possible...
    • Page 49

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    • 44 Figure 5. Mean Participants’ Rankings on Retell Post-assessment Research Question Two The second research question was assessed using the retell rubrics. A retell was used at the end of each two-week instructional period. The participants were...
    • Page 59

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    • 54 Text features was the second most effective strategy resulting in a gain of 6.50 points with a 107.44% increase. This may be attributed to the large amount of time participants spent predicting about the text. Through the predicting and studying...
    • Page 60

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    • 55 more difficult for the vocabulary groups than other groups, perhaps due to the participants not being able to identify clearly the most important vocabulary words in the text. During the post-assessments instead of choosing words that were...
    • Page 61

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    • 56 with preselected vocabulary, the participants should also have had modeling and instruction on how to identify new vocabulary. In the future, this may prove to help participants give more accurate retells and improve their comprehension of...

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