controlled stratified national sample of thirty suburban school districts. Quantitative and
qualitative data was gathered from suburban, public school administrators. This research
did not seek data from rural, urban, or private schools. This...
Review of Literature
The purpose of this literature review was to examine the history, review the types,
discuss the benefits, and analyze the barriers to school gardens. Many important
considerations were summarized from...
promoting daily environmental learning” (Blair, 2009, p. 34). A 2000 study conducted in
Florida concluded that “students in all types of gardens had high responsibility scores,
indicating that all students possessed a sense of...
lessons. The goals of school gardens were primarily for academic and social
development. Secondary goals were recreational and therapeutic (Blair, 2009).
The DeNarco, Relf, & McDaniel study also investigated the academic subjects
nine percent increase in enthusiasm for studying math (Winters, Ring, and Burriss, 2010,
p. 248-H). “Researchers found that enthusiasm for learning, standardized test scores, and
GPAs were higher in ninety-two percent of the comparisons-...
experiential learning basis, have been proposed as a method to reinforce nutrition
education because youth who plant and harvest their own produce are more likely to eat
it” (Beckman, Smith, 2008, p. 12). The 2008 study conducted by Beckman...
Teachers strongly agreed that there [was] a need for multiple resources, such as
curriculum linked to instruction, teacher training for gardening and its connection
to curriculum, and lessons on teaching nutrition in the garden… the pressure...
Conditional Support for Use of Resources and Class Time from District Administrators for
School District S2B S2C S3A S9A S9B S6 % Total
Had Garden at
interview No Yes No Yes No Yes
Does not Take Away...
Education initiatives such as NCLB have changed the way educators teach and
assess learning. School gardens were historically viewed as a classroom. In the cyclical
spirit of education trends, school gardens could again be a successful and...
No pirates no princesses 30
Chapter 3: Method
In order to understand the struggles parents, and specifically, mothers have, and the
strategies mothers use, raising children and communicating values and responsibilities to
their children, a...
Support from the
C. Charles Jackson Foundation
has made this publication possible
and contributed to the projects showcased on these pages.
Considerable appreciation is due to
Dr. Bruce H. Jackson
brucehjackson@ gma il.com