ing because of their whole-hearted support. Poppy wreaths are made each year to be placed on the graves of our departed heroes. Essays in the schools have been sponsored by them. Five district presidents have come from the unit, namely Minerva...
Mrs. Browning, Byron, Wordsworth, Shelley, Keats, Coleridge, Burns, Gray, Goldsmith ; essays of Lamb, De Quincy, Bacon, or Addison. Outside reading will be selected from the following: Gaskell, "Cranford';" Kingsley, "Hypatia ;" Jane Austin,...
STRAIGHT IS THE GATE 26
In Europe and subsequently in North America, polygamy has been seen as a barbarous and immoral lifestyle “since the earliest of times” (Austen, 2011). Because the belief that polygamy breeds immorality and abuse is so...
STRAIGHT IS THE GATE 106
Philipsen, G. (1992). Speaking culturally: Explorations in social communication. Albany, NY: State University of New York.
Philipsen, G. (1997). A theory of speech codes. In G. Philipsen & T. Albrecht (Eds.),
MUTED MOTHERHOOD 5
The same year Hirshman’s book came out, Caitlin Flanagan, a writer for both The Atlantic and The New Yorker, attempted to give society a stay-at-home mother’s perspective with her book To Hell with All That: Loving and...
No pirates no princesses 18
fertile ground for major marketing companies who want to set life long buying decisions in
stone before the age of reasoning dawns. These crucial few years determine habits and the
marketers want their brand to become...
AN ANALYSIS OF AUTOMATIVE ESSAY SCORING PROGRAMS AND THEIR
POTENTIAL IMPACT ON DIRECT WRITING ASSESSMENT SCORES IN UTAH
Introduction - Nature of the Problem
Every English teacher knows the pain of issuing a writing assignment. For...
Teaching writing has always been a challenge in education. It is an immensely complex
task the human brain takes on; invariably it is on the upper levels of Bloom’s Taxonomy. The
complexity of the process is reflected in the...
produce a poorly written paper and still achieve high test scores if they use qualities the AES
system has (sometimes bewilderingly) identified as good writing.
In essence, to write a bad essay and get a good score, the student would have...
One of those that focus on primarily on scoring is Project Essay Grader (PEG). This was
the program developed by Ellis Page in the 60’s. PEG uses sample essays to generate its basis
for what makes up a “good essay” given the topic. The...
as students write on various topics. This issue is not limited to PEG; it is found throughout the
AES systems. A question for future studies would be: Are these variations in algorithms
detectable by writers?
As mentioned previously, a strength...
Burstein, 2006). Interestingly, despite the high correlation of AES to human scores, and the
newer software, in 2006 the AWA switched to using IntelliMetric, a program developed by
another company (Dikli, 2006; Grimes, Warschauer,...
(Rudner). It also reports a high correlation between IEA and human scored essays (Grimes,
Warschauer, 2008; Valenti, 2003) IEA asserts that, “Over many diverse topics, the IEA scores
agreed with human experts as accurately as expert scores...
There has been a multiplicity of research done with AES systems. Most of the research
in the past focused on how accurately AES systems can grade an essay when compared with
humans. With a few exceptions, the research seems to...
In another study, IntelliMetric’s accuracy when compared with human scores was
debated. When the study, performed in Texas, indicated that the IntelliMetric scores did not
correlate with human scores, the researchers developed the hypothesis...
similarly was sentence structure. In the framework of this study, this is not surprising; the hard
rules of grammar are the same, regardless of culture or other human factors.
AES System Perceptions
In a study asking whether MyAccess! users...
There has been interesting research regarding AES systems and revision. It is widely
accepted that developing good writers involves revision. In fact, in a 3-year study, covering 3
school district in the state of California, it was found that...
There is a strong possibility that MyAccess is only effective if it is used as source to
instigate revision. Conscientious and purposeful revisions have long been considered essential to
improving writing. Thus, frequent prompts and frequent...
Figure 4.4 Top 3 Essay Submission Averages and Total Submissions for Whole Classes
In 3 essays Teacher 2 submitted more revisions and a higher total number of essays than
either of the other two classes, though Teacher 3 came close to the total...