10 Chapter 1
The Internet and the Web
As previously mentioned, HTML was developed
in the early 1990s by Tim Berners-Lee who was
an independent contractor at CERN. The original
intent of HTML was to provide a means where-by
110 Chapter 7
XHTML attempts to support all the rules of
HTML using XHTML standards.
If this all sounds confusing, don’t let it worry
you. By learning HTML, you are also learning
the basics of XHTML. There are some differ-ences
but they are...
114 Chapter 7
because they form the skeleton or framework of
the web page.
The and tags define the so-called
“header” of the web page. The header
generally contains information that is not visible
in the browser window. This...