"The old-time cowhand lived in the saddle. He was strictly a riding man, and detested walking even for short distances. The true cowboy's life, with its hardships, isolation and dangers, developed all the sterner qualities to a high degree." "On a...
the struggling speller. The differentiation is also seen in the practice activities, games and
This program has developed a five-day scope and sequence to help students improve
their spelling skills everyday. On day one, the...
AN ANALYSIS OF AUTOMATIVE ESSAY SCORING PROGRAMS AND THEIR
POTENTIAL IMPACT ON DIRECT WRITING ASSESSMENT SCORES IN UTAH
Introduction - Nature of the Problem
Every English teacher knows the pain of issuing a writing assignment. For...
1. There was not adequate funds and financing for such an extensive project. 2. There were many time-consunling law suits involvillg water rights. Moreover, "the general Land Office made an adverse report on the New Castle Reclamation Co. in the...
10 Chapter 1
The Internet and the Web
As previously mentioned, HTML was developed
in the early 1990s by Tim Berners-Lee who was
an independent contractor at CERN. The original
intent of HTML was to provide a means where-by
Community Service Act provided grants and vouchers for students involved in civic engagement
for education and worthwhile efforts. The 1995 Annual Conference of the American Association
of Higher Education re-dedicated leaders to the “engaged...
Article II: Influencing Destination Image and Visiting Intent Using Communication
Mix: A Case Study of Austria
Identifying the factors that influence destination image and visiting intentions
helps tourism planners...
Exploratory research was conducted to identify and measure the relationships
between information sources, socio-cultural preferences, and travel motives on
destination image and visiting intentions. An adaptation of the study conducted...
The research methodology was multi-phased, with the initial phase being a pilot
study of the survey instrument, followed by structural equation analysis of the final
survey data. The objective of this...
One of those that focus on primarily on scoring is Project Essay Grader (PEG). This was
the program developed by Ellis Page in the 60’s. PEG uses sample essays to generate its basis
for what makes up a “good essay” given the topic. The...
The Bureau of Education commissioned a report in 1907 entitled Agricultural
Education Including Nature Study and School Gardens. This report claimed “elementary
nature study and agriculture had a positive impact on the social and economic...
as students write on various topics. This issue is not limited to PEG; it is found throughout the
AES systems. A question for future studies would be: Are these variations in algorithms
detectable by writers?
As mentioned previously, a strength...
evidenced in Table 10. EQS also provided information on multivariate normality.
Histograms were not normally distributed for the variables. The normalized estimate of
41.35 indicated that the variables were not normally distributed. A scaling...
Burstein, 2006). Interestingly, despite the high correlation of AES to human scores, and the
newer software, in 2006 the AWA switched to using IntelliMetric, a program developed by
another company (Dikli, 2006; Grimes, Warschauer,...
(Rudner). It also reports a high correlation between IEA and human scored essays (Grimes,
Warschauer, 2008; Valenti, 2003) IEA asserts that, “Over many diverse topics, the IEA scores
agreed with human experts as accurately as expert scores...
their literacy skills and providing effective instruction. Lesaux (2006) points out that, currently,
there is a lack of standardized ELL assessment measures that can show a direct correlation
between studies. There are researcher-developed...
Due to the success of Champlain College degree program, they moved one step
ahead by offering a Master degree program [Kes08]. However, this program concentrates
on digital forensics investigation management and only had few subjects tht touched...
for Austria‘s tourism stakeholders. Though the original survey instrument was
previously validated, due to small changes made to the instrument, the decision was made
to test the instrument with a pilot study. Therefore, a sample of students...
results; not all participants’ knowledge could cover all possible items. Therefore, the results were not completely valid and reliable. Brown suggested that a cloze test should be constructed to fit a particular group of...
In another study, IntelliMetric’s accuracy when compared with human scores was
debated. When the study, performed in Texas, indicated that the IntelliMetric scores did not
correlate with human scores, the researchers developed the hypothesis...