deprived of learning because of their social isolation and lack of interaction, which affected their
overall cognitive functioning. As a result, Vygotsky set out to transform education in Russia by
creating new pedagogical styles that would...
The Internet is increasingly considered one of the most effective ways to advertise
since the Internet has several advantages over the traditional forms of advertising in the
travel and tourism industry, including...
Service learning helps promote both intellectual and civic engagement by linking the
work students do in the classroom to real-world problems and real-world needs. Without
compromising academic rigor or discipline-specific objectives, service...
community to display children’s work, bringing children’s artifacts from home to display at
school, and sharing photographs outside the classroom (Feiler et al., 2008).
In conjunction with the U.S. Department of Education’s (USDOE)...
14 Chapter 1
The Internet and the Web
European Organization for Nuclear Research. (2008). How the web began. Retrieved on
September 10, 2008, from http://public.web.cern.ch/Public/en/About/WebStory-en.html.
Howe, W. (2007). An anecdotal...
the school by using funds from the Effective Teaching and Learning Literacy Program (USDOE,
These government programs are examples of how educators and scholars are redefining
literacy as the term expands into the experiences and lives...
primary surveys were utilized to develop a survey that served as the instrument to test the
This study followed a group of Spring Service Expedition participants. The criteria used
to determine successful...
5. Collegiality and professionalism.
(Korkmaz, 2007, p. 390).
Furthermore, an effective school must be open to the ideas and feelings of
teachers and students. Schools need to have in place an effective way of communicating
with all employees,...
when they enter school compared to children from poor HLEs. However, those children from
low-SES families and ethnic backgrounds had the most variability of literacy experiences in the
home environment. “Relating these profiles to SES and...
one in which parents may still value literacy and their children’s education; however, they are
less educated and engage in fewer literacy activities in the home. Students from literacy-oriented
communities have proven to be more prepared for...
there is a possibility that someone else in the home is (Haneda, 2006). ELL out-of-school
“literacy practices are typically bilingual or multilingual in nature” (Haneda, 2006, p. 339), as
they are associated with religion and parental...
Three Score and Ten in Retrospect
these very busy years for the Hopi general and claims attorney. The Salt Lake Tribune, December 3,1957, had carried a story announcing the formation of the Ideal National Life Insurance Co., "a legal reserve...
students’ investment in school learning appears to increase” (Haneda, 2006, p. 343). ELLs can
then feel safe to learn in this type of school environment as it allows them become active readers
and writers when exposed to new texts.
It is not...
of the school, McLaughlin noticed that other Western-based institutions, such as the local
Christian churches, provided religious reading material in Navajo and that Navajo literacy
classes were established by members of the community. In terms...
considered more popular modes of receiving printed messages. If educators understand this
multimedia culture, and how students in the digital era interpret messages, they can use this
knowledge to build on students’ current interests and...
contest. This study found that ninety-seven percent of the school gardens were used
primarily for environmental education.
Barriers to School Gardens
Barriers to school gardens were obstacles that stood in the way, limited or slowed
that curriculum standards are taught and students are prepared for end-of-level tests, such as the
CRTs. However, if educators recognize that another priority of teaching should be to learn about
the HLEs, home communities, and the cultural...
Internet in the home or somewhere in their communities. Immigrant families and low-SES
families might feel more of a need to own a computer rather than to have a television. There are
many reasons for this, but it is obvious that these families...
Three Score and Ten in Retrospect
stated, "because we wanted to feel really good about it when we did." Both of them had been on the move. Orpha had not become attached to a particular ward in Salt Lake, and John had been spending his time...
takes into consideration climate, weather, and water limitations for the area. These
considerations have prolonged the life of a school garden.
Planning with community involvement has reduced security concerns. If physical
security was a threat...