Best Spelling Practices in Classroom Instruction
Chapter 1 - Introduction
There are many challenges that face educators regarding how to effectively teach
spelling. Gentry stated, “Spelling really does matter and that, as educators, we need to...
Introduction- Nature of the Problem
Every year students enter kindergarten with varying ability levels and with an array of
educational backgrounds. While several students have attended a preschool or received some
Nature of the problem
There is a tremendous amount of pressure placed upon students and teachers to
achieve proficient scores on end of level math testing. High expectations dealing with
math have created many different...
are able to make “annual growth” in the first few years of school, they will not become further
behind others, but they still will be unable to reach appropriate benchmarks.
Research indicates that, although data vary from state to state,...
discovered that the books may be for children on one level, but on other levels they speak to
older students and adults” (Spicer, 2003, p. 5).
According to Furner, Yahya, and Duffy (2005) there are benefits of using literature...
the National Research Council Study determined the classification of special education should be
considered to be valid based on the following criterion: 1) the general education program is high
quality and provides adequate learning, 2) the...
I learned during the research how very important it is to use cross curriculum to
encourage interest in mathematics. I have learned that reaching one child is worth all the time,
effort and persistence it takes. Being an advocate does make a...
1995). These deficits may contribute to the fact that Hispanic students, with relatively few
exceptions, have had the highest high-school dropout rate of any group in the United States from
1972-2007. High School student dropouts from the low...
In a research study conducted by O’Connor et al. (2000), a group of kindergarteners’
literacy progress was monitored and tracked over two years. During this time, students who
were considered “at-risk” were given four tiers of...
in their first language (L1); however, this is not always the case. Cooter (2006) describes the
American Idol star, Fantasia Barrino, who recently wrote a memoir entitled Life Is Not a Fairy
Tale (2005) that tells of her experiences as an...
Parent/guardian letter of approval
A letter was sent to the parent/guardian of Mrs. Okeson’s algebra I students on March 2,
2010. Contact information was given if the adult did not want their child participating in the
March 2, 2010
Your child is being invited to take part in a research study to encourage an interest in
mathematics. The study will include real life math problems integrating Howard Gardner’s
multiple intelligences. For...
Your child’s information will be combined with information from others taking part in
the project. When I report the results of the study with others, I will write about the combined
information. Your child will never be identified in any way...
systematic and explicit instruction in phonological awareness, phonics, vocabulary, reading
comprehension, and fluency” (Cavanough, Kim, Wanzek, & Vaughn, p. 9).
The literature shows that kindergarten-reading skills can be predictive of...
Wise (2009) commented on why high school has been left out of the literacy debate: the policymakers under No Child Left Behind only focused on the elementary levels because the severity of struggling readers in the upper levels was not...
community to display children’s work, bringing children’s artifacts from home to display at
school, and sharing photographs outside the classroom (Feiler et al., 2008).
In conjunction with the U.S. Department of Education’s (USDOE)...
irrelevant in overall student achievement. The only statistical significance was the impact that it
had on the level of teacher support that was given to students (Santi, York, Foorman, & Francis).
The same study also shows that:
Students who do...