letting students sort individually. The program “Words Their Way,” uses this method to teach
spelling. According to Gentry (2004), “this method of word sorting cannot function as a spelling
program, because there is too much word-specific...
Best Spelling Practices in Classroom Instruction
Chapter 1 - Introduction
There are many challenges that face educators regarding how to effectively teach
spelling. Gentry stated, “Spelling really does matter and that, as educators, we need to...
are able to make “annual growth” in the first few years of school, they will not become further
behind others, but they still will be unable to reach appropriate benchmarks.
Research indicates that, although data vary from state to state,...
10 Chapter 1
The Internet and the Web
As previously mentioned, HTML was developed
in the early 1990s by Tim Berners-Lee who was
an independent contractor at CERN. The original
intent of HTML was to provide a means where-by
for poor school outcomes, not only because of language issues, but also because of
socioeconomic issues (Goldenberg, 2008). Most Hispanic Americans are characterized as
having low levels of educational success and high rates of poverty, and this...
In a research study conducted by O’Connor et al. (2000), a group of kindergarteners’
literacy progress was monitored and tracked over two years. During this time, students who
were considered “at-risk” were given four tiers of...
opportunities. Compared to motivated classmates, reluctant readers surrender into the
spiraling world of low exposure to text. The implications are grave. This lack of exposure
to text and the lack of fruitful reading practice on the part of...
systematic and explicit instruction in phonological awareness, phonics, vocabulary, reading
comprehension, and fluency” (Cavanough, Kim, Wanzek, & Vaughn, p. 9).
The literature shows that kindergarten-reading skills can be predictive of...
Wise (2009) commented on why high school has been left out of the literacy debate: the policymakers under No Child Left Behind only focused on the elementary levels because the severity of struggling readers in the upper levels was not...
Students who are effectively monitoring and managing their own behavior tend to exhibit more
appropriate on-task behavior. As a result, teachers are more available to address more pressing
instructional matters (Loveless, 2010).
Use of a Timeout...
achievement in reading is higher at the end of the school year than it was at the beginning of the
year (Al Otaiba, Kosanovich-Grek, Torgesen, Hassler, & Wahl, 2005). One study shows that,
when using ability grouping for reading instruction,...
164 Chapter 9
picker. The color picker will immediately close
after you select a color.
7. Now click “Apply.” The color of the body
background area will change to reflect your color
If you don’t like the color, click...
went to pre-kindergarten programs. In recent years, some politicians held the belief that pre-kindergarten
programs would eventually impact scores recorded for the No Child Left Behind
Act. This notion brought forth even more funding for...
behind academically they lose a certain amount of self-confidence. This is especially
crucial when dealing with math. The time restraints in a regular education classroom
make it difficult for a teacher to address the varying problems of each...
decisions in the regular classroom. Therefore, students who have been placed in the Pro-Active
Skill Building Program will potentially be better apt to exhibit behaviors that are more
acceptable, allowing them to experience success in the regular...
Three Score and Ten in Retrospect
The pioneer settlement of Coalville was first called Chalk Creek, after a stream that watered the area, but when coal was discovered on the townsite the name was changed. John grew up on stories passed down...
is the firm belief that parental engagement makes a significant difference to
educational outcomes and that parents have a key role to play in raising
educational standards. In summary, the more engaged parents are in the
education of their...
time, the students did show varying rates of progress when it came to specific target skills (West,
Denton, & Reaney, 2000).
A significant factor in student achievement is socioeconomic status. Low-income
students have a higher probability of...
Utah Standard VI
The sixth and final Utah Standard states: "Students will understand the properties that
describe solutions in terms of concentration, solutes, solvents, and the behavior of acids and
bases" (Utah State Office of Education, 2003,...
Fantuzzo et al., 2005; Mead, 2008). Caucasian and Asian children demonstrated higher levels of
skill in reading (Al Otaiba, Kosanovich-Grek, Torgesen, Hassler, & Wahl). Research by
Fantuzzo et al. concluded “African American, Hispanic, and...