the newspaper ran the letters exactly as they had been written. It didn't take long to
figure out why.
For starters, the 25 students spelled "vandal" in nearly as many ways. "Dear
Vandales" went one letter, "I really think that you were tuped...
the struggling speller. The differentiation is also seen in the practice activities, games and
This program has developed a five-day scope and sequence to help students improve
their spelling skills everyday. On day one, the...
discovered that the books may be for children on one level, but on other levels they speak to
older students and adults” (Spicer, 2003, p. 5).
According to Furner, Yahya, and Duffy (2005) there are benefits of using literature...
the school by using funds from the Effective Teaching and Learning Literacy Program (USDOE,
These government programs are examples of how educators and scholars are redefining
literacy as the term expands into the experiences and lives...
material, oral and silent reading, monitoring, and wide and repeated reading (Reutzel & Cooter,
2007). Fluency is often measured by the number of words read per minute. There are many
assessments to measure fluency, but one of the best known is...
concept addresses conservation of energy in chemical interactions. It does not address the
concept of increase in disorder. This is a concept missing from the Utah Core and will be
discussed later in the literature review.
This standard is...
According to Bear, et al. (2004), this word study program “evolves from three decades of
research in developmental aspects of word knowledge with children and adults” (p. 5). This
research has shown specific patterns of errors that children...
A digital forensics expert is a unique job. This is because not only does the expert
need to know about computers and other technologies but needs to understand laws that
pertain to computer or cyber crime. An expert also needs to be a good...
there is a possibility that someone else in the home is (Haneda, 2006). ELL out-of-school
“literacy practices are typically bilingual or multilingual in nature” (Haneda, 2006, p. 339), as
they are associated with religion and parental...
22 Chapter 2
Planning for Web Design
the entire web page; it is also useful in helping
understand the images placed thereon. According
to C. Forceville (1999):
Pictures, including multimodal ‘texts,’
give significant information through
students’ investment in school learning appears to increase” (Haneda, 2006, p. 343). ELLs can
then feel safe to learn in this type of school environment as it allows them become active readers
and writers when exposed to new texts.
It is not...
of the school, McLaughlin noticed that other Western-based institutions, such as the local
Christian churches, provided religious reading material in Navajo and that Navajo literacy
classes were established by members of the community. In terms...
As required by the Southern Utah University Department of Graduate Studies in
Education, all necessary Institutional Review Board (IRB) requirements were met throughout the
conduct of this research study. Furthermore, additional requirements of...
Question 6: Please talk about what you think were the most positive aspects of your
involvement in service. What were the most challenging or negative aspects, if any?
As was the case with Question Three, this question wasn’t central to the...
to an hour or less. To form a baseline of information concerning teachers’ overall understanding
of the RTI framework, the researcher began with interview questions created by Terry Ann
Paradis (2011) from her dissertation. The questions were...
out of respect for the educator’s time as well as to be sure to observe the class for the entire time
allotted. An observational protocol (Creswell, 2012) was developed to focus on particular aspects
of instruction and classroom dynamics. This...