the newspaper ran the letters exactly as they had been written. It didn't take long to
figure out why.
For starters, the 25 students spelled "vandal" in nearly as many ways. "Dear
Vandales" went one letter, "I really think that you were tuped...
the struggling speller. The differentiation is also seen in the practice activities, games and
This program has developed a five-day scope and sequence to help students improve
their spelling skills everyday. On day one, the...
many forms of assessments with their program. There are diagnostic tests, formative and
summative tests and measurements to allow for progress monitoring (Gentry, 2012). If mastery
is not met, these tests inform the teacher of where re-teaching...
When the words become mastered the words are crossed out, if the word is missed again, they
circle it and try again during a future lesson. The spelling journal is a place to store words for
future spelling lessons (Gentry, 2004).
Best Spelling Practices in Classroom Instruction
Chapter 1 - Introduction
There are many challenges that face educators regarding how to effectively teach
spelling. Gentry stated, “Spelling really does matter and that, as educators, we need to...
Introduction - Nature of the Problem The concept of integrating literacy across the curriculums in schools is becoming more prevalent throughout the nation. “Students need to see that everything is connected and reading and writing...
1.1 Background of the study
The Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) reported that in 2007, there were
206,884 complaints made and it is equivalent to $239 million loss [Wol09]. This figure
indicates how big the loss is,...
deprived of learning because of their social isolation and lack of interaction, which affected their
overall cognitive functioning. As a result, Vygotsky set out to transform education in Russia by
creating new pedagogical styles that would...
Fewster, & McCormick (2010) further stated that “approximately eight million adolescents struggled with reading” (p. 636).
High School (9th to 12th Grade)
Cassidy, Valadez, Garrett, & Barrera (2010) reported that adolescent literacy is a hot...
fueled considerable anxiety around school board members and administrators,
many of who had farm or small town backgrounds. Enthusiastic supporters were
drawn to the promise of school gardens not only as a way to better implement
I discovered through interviews that the majority of the students involved in the creative
project preferred working in groups. Allowing students to choose the group members exhibited
excitement. Explaining the assignments...
Armstrong, T. (1994). Multiple intelligences in the classroom. Alexandria, VA: Association for
Supervision and Curriculum.
Art & social studies in math class?. (2004, February). enc focus review, 7.
Bazeli, M. (1997, January). Visual...
engaging if they include names of students in the class. Students often benefit from creating
problems for each other (Wadlington and Wadlington, 2008).
Writing stories and listening to books are not the only ways an individual...
Implications of Being a Reluctant Reader
When a student is a reluctant reader in elementary school, they miss out on the benefits of
the natural flow of reading progression. According to Louisa Moats (2009), “At second
and third grade,...
In a research study conducted by O’Connor et al. (2000), a group of kindergarteners’
literacy progress was monitored and tracked over two years. During this time, students who
were considered “at-risk” were given four tiers of...
in their first language (L1); however, this is not always the case. Cooter (2006) describes the
American Idol star, Fantasia Barrino, who recently wrote a memoir entitled Life Is Not a Fairy
Tale (2005) that tells of her experiences as an...
students early” (p. 280). As Greenfield, Rinaldi, Proctor, and Cardarelli (2010) relate, ownership
of learning difficulties are moved from the student to the teacher and the instruction. When the
teacher does not see the student improving or...
today require some college education, and the needs for efficient literary skills are increasing in the fast-growing job market (National Governor’s Association, 2005).
The research suggests that even adolescents are struggling with simple...