Names and addresses: 1 Monday June 4 4- A.S. Beeler- 5 E.G. Bullard paid for my dinner at restaurant at Marlow, I.T. Left Marlow 1-50 pm arrived Elreno, 4-30 pm leave El Reno 10-05 pm arrived Okla. City- 10-50 pm. left- 4-55 am 6th Spent...
Running Head: EVENT INTERNSHIP PROSPECTUS
Go-Ride Downhill and Mountain Bikes
3232 S. 400 E., #300, Salt Lake City, UT 84115, (801) 474-0081
Guthrie Bicycle 803 East 2100 South, Salt Lake City, UT 84106 (801) 484-0404 Contact:...
Prater and Turner (2002) have suggested that the predicament of a being reluctant reader
is admittedly hard to pin down. The reasons for students’ reluctance to read widely differ.
Sometimes reluctance can be rooted in reading difficulties, but...
continue to show that one-fourth of grade school students do not read outside of school,
and the majority read only for a few minutes daily (National Assessment of Educational
Progress (NAEP), 2007 as cited by Moats, 2009). “In a reanalysis of...
The intellectual challenge posed by the gap involves isolating its root cause. Lack
of knowledge of the lower frequency academic words encountered in school texts,
which in turn impedes the natural process of learning new word meanings...
Motivating Reluctant Readers
Finding the “magic potion” to motivate engagement in a young reader is
important. “Learning requires active student engagement in classroom activities and
interaction—engaged students are motivated for...
measured as the ability to understand narrative and expository text,
shown in a national sample of students (Campbell, Voelkl, & Donahue,
1997). At all three ages studied (9,13, and 17 years), the more highly
engaged readers showed higher...
for longer challenging texts. In contrast, extrinsic motivation referred to grades or
competition reasons for reading. (Guthrie, et al, 2006, p. 91).
Intrinsic motivators also include a sense of accomplishment and self-pride....
read with a certain person, on a given day, in a brief reading event. In
this light, situational interest is defined as a temporary state that
is produced by environmental conditions, rather than by well-developed
internal needs (Alexander,...
books to read empowers and encourages them. It strengthens their self-confidence,
rewards their interests, and promotes a positive attitude
toward reading by valuing the reader and giving him or her a level
of control. Readers without power to...
An effective activity geared at motivating aliterate and apathetical readers is
participation in a learning club, specifically book clubs (sometimes referred to as
literature circles). Guthrie and Anderson suggest, “In our (reading)...
personal and focused than general classroom whole-group instruction, or even
differentiated small-group instruction during the regular classroom hours. Rich book-centered
discussions can be brilliant motivators for readers. These discussions...
individual optimism about their skills as a reader). Additional reasons for reading
participation, as addressed by Guthrie and Anderson, are recognition (the desire to be
known as a good reader), competition (the desire to be the best reader in...
fostering engagement. Positivity, optimism, and hopefulness can help override negative
feelings students have connected with reading. McRae & Guthrie propose
…We maintain that when teachers model their own personal identification as
In order to participate in society, literacy is essential. Illiteracy cannot help but
have a direct, negative effect on quality of life, usually in the form of lost
opportunities and lower wages. Access to fundamental information...
Book Club Attendance Data
Book club attendance data was a strong indicator of student commitment to this
project. With the exception of one student (S7), the participants were very diligent and
conscientious with meeting attendance. Due to a...
Guthrie, J.T., (2001). Contexts for engagement and motivation in reading. Reading
Online, 4(8). Retrieved from:
Guthrie, J.T., Wigfield, A. Metsala, J.L, & Cox, K. E. (1999) Motivational...
McRae, A., & Guthrie, J. T., (2009). Promoting reasons for reading: Teacher practices
that impact motivation. Hiebert, E. H. (Ed.) (2009) Reading more, reading
better. (p. 71) NY, NY: Guilford Press
Mcpherson, K. (2007). Harry potter and the...