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  • All fields: Graham
(62 results)



Display: 20

    • Page 19

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    • 16 promoting daily environmental learning” (Blair, 2009, p. 34). A 2000 study conducted in Florida concluded that “students in all types of gardens had high responsibility scores, indicating that all students possessed a sense of responsibility”...
    • Page 22

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    • 19 nature and environmental issues and relationships (Garcia-Ruiz, 2009, p. 34). “Personal experience and observation of nature [were] the building blocks for classroom enrichment. Gardens ground[ed] children in growth, and decay, predator-prey...
    • Page 23

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    • 20 nine percent increase in enthusiasm for studying math (Winters, Ring, and Burriss, 2010, p. 248-H). “Researchers found that enthusiasm for learning, standardized test scores, and GPAs were higher in ninety-two percent of the comparisons-...
    • Page 65

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    • 59 Learning Theories Knowledgebase. (2010). Social Development Theory (Vygotsky) at Learning-Theories.com. Retrieved October 10th, 2010 from http://www.learning-theories. com/vygotskys-social-learning-theory.html Macmillan/McGraw-Hill. (2006)....
    • Page 26

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    • 23 supported the idea that growing food helps children make better food choices, which has been a growing need with the rise of childhood obesity rates. In 2008 approximately seventeen percent of children and adolescents aged two to nineteen years...
    • Page 28

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    • 25 experiential learning basis, have been proposed as a method to reinforce nutrition education because youth who plant and harvest their own produce are more likely to eat it” (Beckman, Smith, 2008, p. 12). The 2008 study conducted by Beckman and...
    • Page 29

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    • 26 contest. This study found that ninety-seven percent of the school gardens were used primarily for environmental education. Barriers to School Gardens Barriers to school gardens were obstacles that stood in the way, limited or slowed school...
    • Page 30

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    • 27 associated with the integration of school gardens within the school system” (Graham, Zidenberg-Cherr, 2005, p. 1797). In this study “teachers noted that the greatest barrier to using the garden for academic instruction was time. Other dominating...
    • Page 31

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    • 28 greatest percentage of responses shows that teachers are responsible for the garden” (Graham, Beall, Lussier, McLaughlin, & Zidenberg-Cherr, 2005, p. 150). Lack of curriculum materials linked to academic standards was significant barrier to...
    • Page 32

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    • 29 reduce barriers. Teachers who were familiar with maintenance people were able to solicit their input for planting opportunities (Coffee & Rivkin,1998). An obtained copy of the physical plans for schools helped to avoid utility lines and other...
    • Page 35

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    • 32 Teachers strongly agreed that there [was] a need for multiple resources, such as curriculum linked to instruction, teacher training for gardening and its connection to curriculum, and lessons on teaching nutrition in the garden… the pressure...
    • Page 391

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    • July 5, 1963...Mayor Gardner received a letter from the Department of Interior to notify the City that they had until January of 1 9 6 4 to decide what they would do regarding power. A new Power hoard was appointed a s follows: G . J . Corry,...
    • Page 141

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    • PERCEIVED OUTCOMES OF TLIM PROGRAM 134 Graham, S. (1996). What’s “emotional” about social motivation? A comment. In J. Juvonen & K. Wentzel (Eds.), Social motivation: Understanding children’s school adjustment, (pp. 346-360). New York, NY:...
    • Page 68

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    • 65 Lack of time for educators to use a school garden as a teaching tool was a supported barrier to school gardens by this research. Graham, Beall, Lussier, McLaughlin, & Zidenberg-Cherr (2005) found lack of time as a major barrier. This finding was...
    • Page 70

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    • 67 alignment was “very well” while twenty-five percent described state curriculum standards and school gardens as aligning “well.” The remaining thirty-three percent of schools stated that school gardens aligned “somewhat well” with curriculum were...
    • Page 72

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    • 69 Networking and partnering with state initiatives resulted in funding and maintenance with school gardens in this research sample. The Department of Health had an initiative, Putting Prevention to Work, that funded some school garden...
    • Page 429

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    • the design or the use of deep pits and a debris basin in proximity of the runway. Project Engineer, R. B. Platt. pointed out that the City felt an obligation to provide facilities to handle normal anticipated irrigation waters, both low and high...
    • Page 80

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    • 77 References Assadourian, E. (2003). Cultivating the butterfly effect. World Watch, Jan/Feb 2003, Vol. 16 Issue 1. Retrieved from Academic Search Premier database, doi: 08960615. Beckman, L. & Smith, C. (2008). An evaluation of inner-city youth...
    • Page 13

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    • 9 eliminated during the school day” (Wilkins, Graham, Parker, Westfall, Fraser, & Tembo, 2003, p. 722). Teachers need to get creative about ways to get their students moving since time is decreasing for all aspects of organized physical activity in s...
    • Page 25

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    • 21 that students who were exposed to recess were much more on task and less fidgety (Schachter, 2005). Another study conducted in Massachusetts involving 300 fourth-­‐grade students discovered that students who participated in 56 or more hours of org...

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