There are many wonderful people in my community who made this thesis possible. First,
I would like to thank my third-grade students and their parents from the 2010-2011 school year
who participated in this study. The trust and...
on the notion that social interaction nurtures cognitive development. With a new perspective of
how learning takes place, Vygotsky felt social learning happens first before child development
occurs. As cited in the Learning Theories Knowledgebase...
community to display children’s work, bringing children’s artifacts from home to display at
school, and sharing photographs outside the classroom (Feiler et al., 2008).
In conjunction with the U.S. Department of Education’s (USDOE)...
the school by using funds from the Effective Teaching and Learning Literacy Program (USDOE,
These government programs are examples of how educators and scholars are redefining
literacy as the term expands into the experiences and lives...
students. Unfortunately, there is a connection between the number of students who qualify for
Title I services and “children who are failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet state academic
standards” (USDOE, 2010b). Schools that have at...
reading achievement among children across most of the countries, and that higher economic
levels of a country were related to richer home-literacy environments, whereas lower economic
levels were associated with poorer home-literacy...
when they enter school compared to children from poor HLEs. However, those children from
low-SES families and ethnic backgrounds had the most variability of literacy experiences in the
home environment. “Relating these profiles to SES and...
of the school, McLaughlin noticed that other Western-based institutions, such as the local
Christian churches, provided religious reading material in Navajo and that Navajo literacy
classes were established by members of the community. In terms...
needs to be debunked. A Canadian study that has emerged based on literacy pedagogy in the 21st
century is The Multiliteracy Project that prepares students for new literacies in a global and
diverse world. The term multi-literacies is a more...
considered more popular modes of receiving printed messages. If educators understand this
multimedia culture, and how students in the digital era interpret messages, they can use this
knowledge to build on students’ current interests and...
Questionnaires, language arts scores from end-of-level CRTs, UALPA scores, free and
reduced lunch data (Title I), and ethnographic case studies were used to examine the connections
between home-literacy environments and literacy...
This chapter is outlined by first revisiting the problem and issues and why they are
important to this final discussion. Next, the similarities and differences between the results of
this study and that of others are...
Learning Theories Knowledgebase. (2010). Social Development Theory (Vygotsky) at
Learning-Theories.com. Retrieved October 10th, 2010 from http://www.learning-theories.
U.S. Department of Education. (2010b). Improving Basic Programs Operated by Local
Educational Agencies: Title 1, Part A. Washington, DC: Retrieved October 15, 2010,
Van Steensel, R. (2006)....
STRAIGHT IS THE GATE 28
purposes for practicing polygamy. Their work gave a holistic and broadly based understanding of what life was like for people in the two fundamentalist communities in which they worked.
To establish the...
STRAIGHT IS THE GATE 29
Because discrimination has become more amorphous, it is more difficult to precisely identify and acknowledge (Camara & Orbe, 2010; Bosmajian, 1983).
In addition to combating biased language, members of peripheral or...
STRAIGHT IS THE GATE 30
understanding of why social inequality exists (McCall, 2005). For example, instead of focusing on gender by itself, many feminists are evaluating various biological, social and cultural categories such as gender, race,...