on the notion that social interaction nurtures cognitive development. With a new perspective of
how learning takes place, Vygotsky felt social learning happens first before child development
occurs. As cited in the Learning Theories Knowledgebase...
community to display children’s work, bringing children’s artifacts from home to display at
school, and sharing photographs outside the classroom (Feiler et al., 2008).
In conjunction with the U.S. Department of Education’s (USDOE)...
the school by using funds from the Effective Teaching and Learning Literacy Program (USDOE,
These government programs are examples of how educators and scholars are redefining
literacy as the term expands into the experiences and lives...
students. Unfortunately, there is a connection between the number of students who qualify for
Title I services and “children who are failing, or most at risk of failing, to meet state academic
standards” (USDOE, 2010b). Schools that have at...
reading achievement among children across most of the countries, and that higher economic
levels of a country were related to richer home-literacy environments, whereas lower economic
levels were associated with poorer home-literacy...
when they enter school compared to children from poor HLEs. However, those children from
low-SES families and ethnic backgrounds had the most variability of literacy experiences in the
home environment. “Relating these profiles to SES and...
of the school, McLaughlin noticed that other Western-based institutions, such as the local
Christian churches, provided religious reading material in Navajo and that Navajo literacy
classes were established by members of the community. In terms...
needs to be debunked. A Canadian study that has emerged based on literacy pedagogy in the 21st
century is The Multiliteracy Project that prepares students for new literacies in a global and
diverse world. The term multi-literacies is a more...
considered more popular modes of receiving printed messages. If educators understand this
multimedia culture, and how students in the digital era interpret messages, they can use this
knowledge to build on students’ current interests and...
Questionnaires, language arts scores from end-of-level CRTs, UALPA scores, free and
reduced lunch data (Title I), and ethnographic case studies were used to examine the connections
between home-literacy environments and literacy...
Learning Theories Knowledgebase. (2010). Social Development Theory (Vygotsky) at
Learning-Theories.com. Retrieved October 10th, 2010 from http://www.learning-theories.
U.S. Department of Education. (2010b). Improving Basic Programs Operated by Local
Educational Agencies: Title 1, Part A. Washington, DC: Retrieved October 15, 2010,
Van Steensel, R. (2006)....
STRAIGHT IS THE GATE 32
by the dominant faction. Surrounding this dominant society there are many peripheral groups that make up the remainder of general society. Members of these muted groups are distinguished from “mainstream” culture because...
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Chapter 6: References Anderson, J. M. (1979). The polygamy story: Fiction and fact (first ed.). N.p.: Publishers Press.
Ardener, E. (1978). Some outstanding problems in the analysis of events. In G. Schwinner (Ed.), The...
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Darger, J., Darger, A., Darger, Va., Darger, Vi., & Adams, B. (2011). Love times three: Our true story of a polygamous marriage. New York, NY: HarperOne.
Davis, A. D. (2010, December). Regulating polygamy: Intimacy, default...
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Hymes, D. (1972). Models of the interaction of language and social life. In J. Gumperz & D. Hymes (Eds.), Directions in sociolinguistics: The ethnography of communication (pp. 35–71). New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston....
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Levitt, S. D., & Dubner, S. J. (2005). Freakonomics: A rogue economist explores the hidden side of everything (Revised and Expanded ed., pp. 163-188). New York, NY: William Morrow.
Littlejohn, S. W., & Foss, K. A. (2011)....
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Philipsen, G. (1992). Speaking culturally: Explorations in social communication. Albany, NY: State University of New York.
Philipsen, G. (1997). A theory of speech codes. In G. Philipsen & T. Albrecht (Eds.),