T h e first settlers in Cedar City and the building of the Old Fort. Early hietory of iron works. Threat of Indian uprising. Livins in old fort. Death of first child. Alma. Picture, Deseret Iron Cornparry. Picture, TheComrnunity Bell.
T h e site of the first fort and rattle corral, huilt north of the present Cedar City, was located by Apostle George 11.Smith and others, Nov. 2, 1851. The first company came from Parowan, which was settled earlier, Jan. 13, 1851, and arrived with loose stork and supplies loaded on 11 wagons. Under Capt. Henry Lunt's directions, they set off their wagon hoxes f a c i n ~ south in a n east-west line and laid out a 200 feet enclosure. They worked on the fort during the winter, using willows and brush as materials. They also cleared a 500 acre field adjoining the fort for farming and gardening. The settlers spent two winters in this location and, because of rumols of Indian trouLle, they decided to relocate. They were sitting hy a high knoll where they could be easily observed, and the water supply could he readily- diverted. They were sufficiently alarmed ahout the Indians uprising that they moved out in one day and located approximately a mile west on the banks of Coal Creek, which drained. then, toward Iron Springs Gap. Thcy measured off a 100 rod square and immediately tnade preparations to build a fort.' The "Old Fort" was huilt of red clay mud and creek houlders with walls three feet at the base, 9 feet high, and 1 foot across the top. The fort covered 63 acres, and a city plat of 120 lots was laid out inside the walls.2 Everything was dropped until the completion of the wall, and then homes were constructed. The inside wall of the fort formed one wall of the houses, which were joined side by side opening only for the gateways at each end. The